Legal library of personal injury related terms

Breach of warranty

Violation of an agreement between a seller and a buyer regarding the condition, content, quality, or title of the item sold.

Civil complaint

A civil complaint is a type of legal proceeding brought by a person that has been harmed. In most civil actions, legal or equitable compensation is sought. However, civil complaints may aim the enforcement or protection of a legal right.

Defective drug cases

In a defective drug case, pharmaceutical manufacturers (including large corporations too) are challenged by legal way to hold responsibility for the damage caused by their products.

Defective drug lawyer

A lawyer familiar with the most commonly known drugs that are listed as dangerous and able to help in the case of harm by another medication also. An experienced defective drug lawyer is perfectly aware of the state’s legal system, of its rules and regulations.

Early settlement

In an early settlement the parties agree to resolve the complaint out-of-court for an established amount of money. It takes a qualified attorney to ensure that fair compensation for personal injury is received.

Employer negligence

A legal situation in which an employer fails to provide safe work environment and is not supportive of employee rights. There are many types of employer negligence cases, such as: failure to properly train employees, negligence of safety standards, hiring an employee with violent tendencies, etc.

Environmental hazards

The risk of damage to the physical and psychological health of the individual from the environment (air pollution, water pollution, toxins, radioactivity, exposure to harmful substances, etc.)

Environmental lawyer

A legal specialist, an attorney that focuses on litigation regarding environmental concerns, such as air and water quality, chemicals and pesticides, exposure to hazardous substances, etc.

Environmental litigation

Legal actions under the major federal environmental laws, that seek compensation for harms originated in environmental hazards.


A legal obligation of an individual or company to settle a debt. Current liabilities are debts that may be paid over a period of a year, and long-term liabilities are debts that can be paid over a longer period.

Medical malpractice

Professional negligence by act or omission by a medical specialist or another health care provider in which the treatment provided causes injury or death to the patient, due to medical error.

Medical malpractice attorney

A legal specialist who handles medical malpractice claims of any kind, including claims against doctors, hospitals, health care providers, physicians etc.

Personal injury

Harm or injury that results from someone else’s negligence or wrongdoing and the area of law that defines the rights of the harmed individual.

Personal injury attorney

Qualified legal representation in a matter involving personal injury, product liability, defective drugs, medical malpractice or environment litigation.

Personal injury lawsuit

Legal action taken in order to compensate the sufferer of personal injury or to protect the individual’s rights.

Personal litigation

legal representation on behalf of individuals, regarding legal issues that many people will at sometime have occasion to deal with.

Pharmaceutical litigation

Product liability claims that involve medications and prescription drugs. Pharmaceutical litigation is the area of product liability law that handles defective drug lawsuits.

Pharmaceutical negligence

Occurs when a drug manufacturer causes injury and even death to the consumer. Pharmaceutical negligence includes failure to properly test and design the product, and failure to properly prescribe or warn and inform consumers about the potential harm caused by the drug.

Premises liability

A property owner’s failure to keep their business, home or roads safe for customers, visitors or workers.

Product liability

The area of law in which manufacturers, distributors, suppliers, retailers, etc. are held responsible for the injuries the products cause (usually limited to tangible personal property products).

Product liability law

The area of law closely related to litigation law that refers to the claims against manufacturers, designers, manufacturers, distributors, etc. of defective products that cause harm or injury to consumers.

Punitive damages

Sometimes called exemplary damages, punitive damages are not meant to compensate the plaintiff, but the plaintiff often receives all or a portion of the punitive damage award.


A resolution between the two parties in a legal case, reached either before or after court action begins.

Statute of limitations

An enactment in a common law legal system in which the maximum time after an event that legal proceedings based on that event may be initiated is set (also known as period of prescription).

Strict product liability

A standard for liability which makes a person legally responsible for the damage and loss caused, regardless of culpability. Strict liability is prominent in tort law (especially product liability), corporations’ law, and criminal law.

Tort law

A body of rights, obligations, and remedies applied by courts in civil proceedings to provide compensation for persons who have suffered harm as a result of the wrongful acts of others.

Workers compensation insurance

A form of insurance providing wage replacement and medical benefits to employees injured in the course of employment in exchange for mandatory relinquishment of the employee’s right to the employer for the tort of negligence.

Work-related injury

An injury that occurs as a result of either accident, either gradual progress, when the individual is at work, at a meal break at work, in a vehicle used for the transport to and from work (if the vehicle is supplied by the employer), etc.

Wrongful death

The taking of the life of an individual as a result of willful or negligent acts of another person

Wrongful death lawsuit

A claim in common law jurisdictions against a person who can be held responsible for a death.